The Russian invasion of Ukraine, the extension of the conflict, the reaction of the West, the still uncertain position of China, have and will have disruptive impacts on an already complex international scenario. In a hard-hit world, emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic and in a context where the fight against global hunger has shown a setback in recent years, concerns about food security are increasing, particularly in the many countries that depend, fundamentally, on imports to feed their populations.
From the point of view of agri-food trade (among other issues), concerns about the immediate effects of this war are logical. The conflict occurs in a market that was already in a situation of tightness between supply and demand, due to a combination of factors, including the extraordinary growth in Chinese demand and poor harvests due to adverse weather conditions in producer countries, which reduced stocks worldwide and, together with disruptions in supply chains, resulted in a large increase in the international prices of agricultural commodities.
For some time, we have been hearing that livestock is one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. Hardly any other sector faces more global pressure to reduce emissions than livestock. Quickly, this pressure has spread with remarkable speed. Without a doubt, action to mitigate emissions and combat climate change is urgent, but actions may be insufficient and economically costly, if they start from the wrong premises. In this sense, it is necessary to raise the issue of emissions on a scientific basis and ensure fairness in the analysis of these data. So, when analyzing the livestock sector and its impact on climate change, at least six concepts can be raised that are worth analyzing to put the emissions of this sector in the correct context.
La primera es que la realidad del comercio global en la que fue concebido el Mercosur, hace 30 años, ha dejado de existir. La segunda es que las prácticas y alcances del Mercosur hoy requieren ser adaptadas para lograr mejores resultados. Y la tercera es que será́ necesario ofrecer una nueva mirada sobre el Mercosur para dotarlo de capacidades que permitan aprovechar más y mejor las oportunidades económicas internacionales.
Over 75 representatives from industry, government, academia and NGO’s gathered in Buenos Aires for the Institute of the Americas and CEARE Argentina Energy Roundtable on May 16-17.
Across two days of high-level Davos-style panels, speakers shared key insights on a wide range of issues from how to define energy transition in Argentina, the role of renewables as viewed by the current administration, nuclear energy, hydrogen, lithium and the ongoing effort to truly leverage Vaca Muerta including resetting regional integration and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Above all, the element of macroeconomic stability and how to manage financing - particularly against the current global backdrop - cut across all the sessions.
Regardless of the segment of the energy sector, there was an acknowledgement that broader global and domestic macroeconomic challenges require deft management for Argentina’s energy security and efforts to regain self-supply if not become a global energy exporter. Call it resilience in the face of a world replete with challenges. Nevertheless, there was a noticeable level of optimism in the formal remarks of speakers, but also in the foyer during the coffee breaks and cocktail. Perhaps it can be partially attributed to having the chance to meet again in person after more than two years. But there is surely a much less ephemeral reason. Argentina’s resource potential is significant. But, as the old axiom in the sector goes – the above ground can often be more important than below ground. Was the optimism at the event derived from the view that Argentina is on a path to striking a balance between above and below ground?
Carne vacuna de exportación: compradores del Reino Unido recorrieron campos bonaerenses que producen con reducción de carbono
El objetivo fue corroborar qué es lo que hace el productor argentino para lograr bajar el nivel de emisiones de gas de efecto invernadero en la producción de carne vacuna. “En Europa, sustentabilidad y cambio climático es el único lenguaje que hoy existe y podemos utilizar”, afirmó uno de los visitantes.